Migraines are a pounding, throbbing pain located in your head. As many as 1 billion people worldwide have migraines, while 39 million of these are in the United States. Migraines are the third most prevalent illness in the world. Out of every four households in the US, one has someone suffering from migraines. Migraines also tend to run in families. As many as 90 percent of those with migraines have a family history of them. They often begin in childhood and get increasingly worse throughout adolescence. Approximately 25 percent of sufferers have what is called an aura that comes on before their migraines. What is this?
Migraines Accompanied by Aura
Migraines are usually broken down into two different classifications: migraines with aura (previously called classic migraines) and migraines without aura (previously called common migraines). There are also two subtypes of migraines with aura: basilar-type and hemiplegic migraines.
An aura is a neurological disturbance which typically happens before the head pain begins and comes on during the second phase of migraines. An aura does not happen for all people. In fact, only around 25 percent of people with migraines have an aura, and they may not have an aura every time they have migraines. In some cases, they may have an aura, and it is not followed by head pain. This is called an acephalgic or a silent migraine.
Types of Auras
- Visual auras: When speaking of an aura, this is the most common kind. It describes a visual disturbance or an illusion. You may see a light or a shape that is not really there, or you might have a temporary loss of vision or other changes in vision. Out of those who have migraines, up to 90 percent have a visual aura.
- Sensory aura: This refers to changes in your other senses, lasting a for a few minutes or as long as a few hours. This affects about 11 percent of migraine sufferers. It is usually known for causing tingling and numbness, a pins and needles sensation, or an odd feeling in other body parts, such as the face, arm, hand, foot, leg, and tongue. Commonly, people complain of numb fingers, numbness on one side of the body, or a numb feeling in the head.
To learn more about the connection between head and neck injuries and migraines and other headaches download our complimentary e-book Natural and Drug-Free Ways to End Your Migraines below.
Symptoms of Auras
There are quite a few different types of symptoms when it comes to auras:
- Loss of vision
- Olfactory hallucinations — smelling odors that are not there
- One-sided weakness or paralysis with hemiplegic migraines
- Seeing spots, stars, colors, shapes, lines, circles, and halos
- Vertigo — a sensation that you or the room around you is spinning
- Seeing in three-dimensional effects
- Cloudy vision
- Auditory hallucinations
- Distortion of body image and perspective called Alice in Wonderland Syndrome
- Seeing flashes of light or flickering light
- Tunnel vision
- Allodynia — sensitivity to touch or feel
- Fortification illusions: seeing zigzag lines or waves
- Seeing dark areas
- Any visual change
Speech and hearing may also be impacted. Some people have reported such things as memory changes, feeling confused, feeling anxiety and fear, having partial paralysis, and even fainting.
What Causes Migraines with Auras?
Something interesting has been observed in those suffering from migraines when they undergo an MRI while they are experiencing an aura. A cortical spreading depression was noticed slowly moving across part of the brain. This is a change that takes place in the brain caused by a wave of impulses or nerve signals moving across it and disrupting the normal activity in these areas. This is thought to lead to a wide variety of migraine symptoms.
Avoiding Migraines with and without Aura
There are some things you personally can do to avoid having so many severe and frequent migraines. One thing professionals recommend is to keep a migraine diary. This means keeping track of your activities and foods eaten. You want to write down what you did a day or so before a migraine attack. Were you stressed? Were you excited? How was the weather? Was it very cold or very hot? Did it rain? Did you exercise more than usual? Did you drink less or more coffee? After a few times of writing these things down, you may begin to see a pattern developing, and this will help you discover and then avoid your personal triggers. They are different for each person.
Finding Natural Relief for Migraines
It has been seen that a misalignment in the top bones of the neck may be to blame for both migraines with and without aura. The C1 and C2 vertebrae have been designed to add protection for the delicate brainstem, part of the central nervous system. However, a trauma to the head and neck can cause these bones to misalign. Things such as whiplash, a trip, and fall, a sporting accident, or simply overusing the neck muscles can lead to the bones moving out of place. When this happens, the bones begin putting the brainstem under pressure and can lead to migraine headaches. This can be due to improper signals being sent by the brain or the bones acting as a blockage to the fluids vital to the proper function of the brain.
Here at Besso Clinic in Stow, Ohio, we use a gentle method that works by helping encourage the bones of the neck to move back into place. Rather than popping the bones or cracking the neck or spine, the method is more natural and allows the body to heal from the damage done by the misalignment. Many of our patients and those in case studies have reported a major improvement in their migraines after just a few visits. Some patients see their migraines go away entirely.
To schedule a complimentary consultation with the Besso clinic call (330) 689-1234 or just click the button below.
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